July 4, 2013 § Leave a comment
Left: Sketch of Union General Grant discussing Vicksburg’s surrender with Confederate General Pemberton 150 years ago on July 3, 1863.
Right: Surrender discussion site today.
Public domain images from the National Park Service.
During the observance of the 150th anniversary of the 1863 Battle of Gettysburg the question is again asked: “What if the Confederates had won?”.
Here’s my answer:
The most likely scenario after a Union defeat at Gettysburg is that the Union army retreated intact and in good order to its next planned line of defense at Pipe Creek, Maryland, 12 miles southeast of Gettysburg.
Vicksburg, Mississippi would still surrender on July 4, 1863.
Along with the city and its 30,000 defenders, the Confederacy lost control of the Mississippi River and was split in two. The eastern half was now cut off from desperately needed reinforcements and supplies from the Confederacy west of the Mississippi.
Even with a…
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July 3, 2013 § Leave a comment
Map of the campaign at Vicksburg and Jackson, Mississippi (Click for larger image.)
Regiment symbol north of Vicksburg above “Sherman”: Approximate location of the 20th Michigan from early June to the fall of Vicksburg on July 4, 1863.
Regiment symbol north of Jackson: Approximate location of the 20th Michigan during the assault and recapture of Jackson, Mississippi on July 17, 1863.
Public domain map from the U.S. Military Academy.
150 years ago on June 4, 1863, Anson Croman and the 20th Michigan were ordered to leave Kentucky and join General Grant at Vicksburg, Mississippi.
On arrival the 20th Michigan was deployed north of Vicksburg under General Sherman’s command. The main Union forces had surrounded Vicksburg. General Sherman’s forces were protecting their flanks from Confederate General Joe Johnston’s forces.
On July 4, the day after the Confederates were defeated at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, Vicksburg surrendered.
Immediately afterward the Union army including the…
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